Georgikon Faculty of Agriculture

A brief history

 

 

Georgikon, the first regular higher education institution of agriculture on the Continent, was founded by Count György Festetics of Tolna in 1797 in Keszthely. The educational programs conducted in Hungarian included training at all levels, from basic and intermediate professional training to legal, technical and forestry schooling. This educational structure served as a further model to the future similar institutions founded in Europe.

Between 1865 and 1906 the name of the school changed several times and hosted research centres of national importance.

From 1906 to 1945 it bore the name of Royal Hungarian High College of Agriculture, while between 1945 and 1949 it was known as the Keszthely Department of the Hungarian University of Agricultural Sciences.

Because of political reasons, from 1949 the education was interrupted in Keszthely for a period of 5 years, and it was restarted in 1954 at the Agricultural Academy of Keszthely.

In 1962 the institution was reorganised as the College of Agriculture, and in 1970 as the University of Agriculture with two faculties, at Keszthely and at Mosonmagyaróvár respectively.

From 1989 to 1999 the 2000-year old institution functioned as the Georgikon Faculty of Agriculture of the Pannon University of Agricultural Sciences, dealing with education, research extension and other scientific activities.

From 1 January 2000, due to the legislation on university integration requiring the establishment of multidiscipline universities, the faculties of the Pannon University of Agricultural Sciences separated. The Georgikon Faculty of Agriculture joined the University of Veszprém. The faculty provides graduate and postgraduate education including BSc, MSc and PhD courses, and carries out high quality research in many fields related to agriculture.

 

Doctoral programs:

Doctoral School in Animal Sciences (head: Dr. Ferenc Szabó, professor)

Cattle breeding, Pig breeding, keeping and nutrition, Poultry breeding, keeping and nutrition, Production physiology analysis and its effect on the product quality, Game farming, game breeding, Application of molecular genetic marker examinations in the animal breeding, Nutrition of monogastric animals, Nutrition of ruminants, Fishing, aquaculture

 

Doctoral School in Interdisciplinary Agricultural Sciences (head: Dr. László Várnagy, professor)

Ecotoxicological examinations of xenobiotics, Experimentally induced insect ecology studies with various pest populations, Environment-friendly plant protection methods and application-technical examination, Biology and ecology of the weeds and integrated weed management, Agrometeorology, The evolution in environment under human impact, Ethno-botanical studies on agro- and ethno-biodiversity of plant genetic resources, History of the development of biological though

 

Doctoral School in Crop and Horticultural Sciences (head: Dr. Richard Gáborjányi, professor)

Factors, affecting nutrient uptake of plants and soil fertility, Soil fertility research in long-term relation, Soil physic, soil water relation, Examinations of nutrient dynamic and nutrient stress, Environmental problems of contamination of soil and natural waters, Ecology and biology of plant pathogens and resistance, Plant breeding, genetics and agro biotechnology

 

The Faculty participates in the Doctoral School of Management Sciences and Economics (head: Dr Iván Major, professor)

Research in agricultural economics, Economics, Management science

 

International Relations

The Faculty has educational bilateral cooperation agreements with the agricultural faculties of the universities of Ceské Budejovice, Prague, Ismailia, Osijek, Zagreb, Asunción, Cluj, Nitra, and Thonburg. We regularly organise joint farm practice exchanges with the town of Delden, with the HOPS organisation, the University of Kiel, and the Loire Region.

The lecturers and researchers have recently participated in study trips, conferences, and language training programmes in 21 countries of the world.

The international research projects are carried out within the framework of bilateral national level cooperation agreements (TéT, MÖB-DAAD), or international education frameworks (ERASMUS, CEEPUS, LEONARDO).

We have been involved in three areas of the 5th Framework Programme for Research and Technology of the European Union (IST, EESD, QLMLR) as partners in 45 consortia, cooperating with 14 European countries.

The foreign partners regularly visit the Faculty to maintain continuous contact.

 

Agricultural Centre

The main stream of research and development has been in close connection with higher education scientific training and doctoral schools. The results of the Faculty are good considering the level of scientific achievements, the number of papers published and the quality of PhD training.

The Agricultural Centre ensures the facilities for education, research and development in the agricultural sciences, assists in developing the Experimental and Demonstration Farm as well as the research institutes, and helps to improve the technical equipment in the laboratories to reach the level of European standards. The created professional research base assists the work of agricultural advisors and demonstration farms in providing information to the farmers of the region.

The Agricultural Centre of the Faculty consists of two units, the Experimental and Demonstration Farm, and the Regional Potato Research Centre.

 

The Experimental and Demonstration Farm

The Experimental and Demonstration Farm has 885 hectare of area, of which 480 hectare is arable land. The farm has altogether 14 units of crop growth, horticulture, animal husbandry, repairs and maintenance. The centre of the Farm is called “Szendrey-telep”.

The Experimental and Demonstration Farm provides the facilities for practical training of more than 1000 undergraduate students of the Faculty as well as PhD students, and students participating in exchange programmes coming from other agricultural faculties or secondary vocational schools. The Farm is the location for demonstrations and retraining programmes organised annually for several thousands of practitioners, and at least 40 research projects financed by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. The fields of the Farm are also used for the selection and maintenance of plant varieties (potatoes, grapes, vegetables, grasses, cereals), and animal breeds (pigs, beef cattle), and for the production of seeds and propagation material.

In 2000 it received the titles of “Qualified Experimental Farm” and “Demonstration Farm of the year 2000” as a sign of its high quality performance in the areas of cereal production, wine grape production, potato production and storage technology, pig husbandry, beef cattle husbandry.

 

In 2003 it was awarded the gold medal of "Qualified Experimental and Demonstration Farm".

 

Regional Potato Research Centre

The present Centre has been working in various organisational forms since 1962. This is the only research institution in Hungary specialising in potato research exclusively. The centre has become a scientific institution supporting the entire potato production activity in Hungary and provides the scientific background for the practice. Its primary task is to select new varieties which are suitable for the ecological environment in the country and resist the main pests, so that their yield level can be maintained throughout the years by field propagation.

The most important research activity of the Centre is the selection programme aimed at creating new potato varieties.